FUT

In this method the skin strip are removed from the hair bank area by experienced personnels and are devided to 1,2,3 or 4 hair units under microscope. This is performed under microscope magnification, so the damage to hair roots is minimal, in other hand, the grafts size is different based on the number of existed hair in hair unit. It means that single- hair units are smaller in size, two units of hair are alittle thicker and three or four hair units are more thicker.


This cause that the physician create the incisions with smaller size in implantation area which transplant usually single hair units in hair line, for example the centers that wants to transplant a high density in front of hair line in one session, create incisions with 0.7 or 0.8 mm in hair line to transplant single hair units in rows , obviously, if the prepared grafts by personnels be not narrow completely it's not possible to transplant them in incisions, 2 hair units in 1 to1.2 mm incisions and 3 or 4 hair units are transplanted in 1.2 to 1.5 mm incisions, firstly this cause that whatever the incisions be smaller the greater number of hair units can be transplanted in the area and produce a higher density in transplantation and secondly, whatever the created incisions be smaller the probability of damage to blood vessele and skin perfusion is lesser in transplantation with higher density, in some cases, it has been observed that numerous incisions have been produced in bald site which disordered sending the blood in area and cause to Necrose and demolish the skin which is an irreptible limited complication in hair transplantation. so, the use of smaller incisions minimize the probability of this complication. thirdly, whatever the size of incisions be smaller the transplantation result is more delicate, because the larger incisions create scars in transplant site which this image create an un natural form beside transplanted hair on skin like an orange peel that is a sign of transplanted area. perhaps, you have observed the image of orange peel changes in skin area and brief saliency beside transplanted grafts site in hair transplantation with large size incisions which this task make unnatural transplantation.
In this method the incision is created in scalp from back of the head (the bank of the hair) and a skin strip which is called Flap is removed from back of the head, it's length usually depends on surgeon's method and the interval between patient's ears. It's width depends on surgeon's exact examination and patient's skin flexibility. The removed skin strip are divided to 1,2,3 or 4 strings of hair under microscope by experienced personnels which every unit is a follicle unit. Obviously, in this method the damage to the hair bank is lesser than Fit method and the harvested strip stay healthy in up and down area of the removed strip. In this method, the group work is needed which is composed of physician and experienced personnels which are specialized in cutting the skin strip to separeted hair units, these personnels are called CUTTER and experienced personnels for entering the hair units into the produced incisions which are called IMPLANTER they are needed except the surgeon. In FUT method proper functioning of personnels with physician have a direct impact on the outcome of implantation.

FUT Method Benefits:

In this method it's not needed to cut the hair behind of the head before operation and implanting the long hair is possible. Over %95 of removed hairs are grafted healthy. ( because of microscope usage, the amount of damage to the roots of the hair is very low) this point make this method superior to those who have a limited amount of hair bank to FIT method. the hairs in back and besides of the head are not damaged and the rest of the skin remain healthy for next stages.

FUT Method Defects

In the absence of physician domination, the damage and remaining scar is possible in the back of the head. In this method the experienced physician is able to restore the removal's skin area sothat no scar remain.

What is Unobservable Scar?

In this method, the worst complication is scar in the bank of the hair area which create the linear scar behind and alongsides of the head, this cause that many patients prefer to choose FIT method to avoide this image. It is mentioned that the surgeons which are trained under the supervision of international society use a particulat method of stitching in harvested area of skin bar that cause the removed hair line in back and alongsides of head be invisible, sothat, when the person cut his hair after 4 months, the place of harvested line is undistinguishable. It is mentioned that the place of scar line complication which can be modified compared with the extensive destruction of hair units in the back of the head for some patients is compatible with FIT method.

After Hair Transplantation Surgery

patient may experience moderate amount of discomfort which is controlled with oral medication. Risks and complications are rare because only the outer layer of skin is involved. Some swelling and bruising around the eyes may ocur two to three days after surgery. Using eye compresses and sleepingin a semi -reclining position can minimize these problem. About six weeks after hair restoration surgery, the hairs began to fall out, approximately two or three months later, new hairs appear and grow at about the same rate as it did in it's original location, about one-quarter to one-half inch a month. several treatment session may be necessary and patients who want to achieve greater density or refinement of the hair line often return for additional hair transplantation.

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